In October 2022 our team went to Castile and León, one of Spain’s most rural and depopulated regions, to explore the local public transport system. What is so special about it? The local transport system, organised by the regional authorities, is both fare-free and on-demand.
Across the United States, fare-free public transport unexpectedly gained popularity during the COVID-19 pandemic. Only 11 cases of full FFPT existed before 2020. As the pandemic unfolded, FFPT evolved from a relatively fringe policy to a “best practice” applied by transit agencies in response to COVID-19. More than 60% of urban public transit agencies suspended fare collection during the pandemic. This report traces this transformation.